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Thursday, November 12, 2009

Study Guide: Renaissance, Reformation, Scientific Revolution

HOMEWORK QUESTIONS FOR DESCARTES AND BACON ARE IN THE POST BELOW THIS ONE. SCROLL DOWN!

Exam: The Renaissance, The Reformation, and The Scientific Revolution
Period 7: Monday, Nov. 16th
Period 8: Tuesday, Nov. 17th

Reading Materials to Review:

Textbook:

Chapter 14, Sections 2, 3
Chapter 17, Sections 1, 2, 3, 4
Chatper 22, Section 1

Readings:

Machiavelli's Prince
What Was the Protestant Reformation?
Complaints Against the Church
Protestant Reformation Packet # 1 (Tetzel vs Luther)
Royal Challenges to Papal Power
3 Theories on the Solar System
Descartes and Bacon

Classwork Materials to Review:

Notes on:
- Pre-Conditions of the Renaissance
- Notes from Renaissance Powerpoint
- Machiavelli's Quotes
- Categorizing vocabulary of the Renaissance
- Chart on Protestant Religions
- Chart on Luther's Ideas vs. the Church's Ideas
- Appeal of Protestantism
- Causes and Effects of the Reformation
- Scientific Revolution

Vocabulary:

Pre-Conditions of the Renaissance
- Bubonic Plague
- Growth of Towns, Trade, and Wealth
Commercial Revolution
Guilds
Magna Carta
Great Schism
Estates System
Hundred Years War
Renaissance
Patron
Humanism
Secularism
Renaissance Man (L'uomo universale)
Perspective
Chiarrascurro
Stfumato
Classicism
Individualism
Sistine Chapel
The Pieta
The Last Supper
The Prince
Shakespeare
The Reformation
95 Theses
Printing Press
Protestants
Peace of Augsburg
Indulgences
Simony
Nepotism
The Index
Inquisition
Council of Trent
Anglicanism (Church of England)
Calvinism
Predestination
The Elect
Theocracy
Prebyterianism
Huguenots
Scientific Revolution
Heliocentric Model of Solar System
Geocentric Model of Solar System
Gravity

People To Know:

Medici Family
Leonardo Da Vinci
Michelangelo
Rafael
Donatello
The David
Machiavelli
Johannes Gutenberg
Martin Luther
John Calvin
John Knox
King Henry VIII
Copernicus
Newton
Galileo
Bacon
Descartes
Kepler

Short Answer Questions:

1. Why was economic prosperity a necessary pre-condition for the Renaissance?

2. How was the Renaissance a "rebirth"?

3. Choose one writer or artist from the Italian Renaissance and describe how Renaissance ideas influenced his or her work.

4. Explain why the development of printing is described as a “revolution.”

5. List and explain three ways the Catholic Church responded to the Protestant Reformation.

6. Explain why the theory of Copernicus was so strongly opposed by the Church and scholars.

7. What Renaissance ideas are reflected in Descartes’s statement “I think, therefore I am”?

8. How did the new scientific method threaten the Catholic Church?

9. What impact did the Scientific Revolution have on the perception of European society?

10. How did the Heliocentric model further promote the ideas of the Renaissance and the Protestant Reformation?

Exam Format:

Multiple Choice
Matching
Short Answer